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Opioid Use Disorder

Opioid Use Disorder

Opioids reduce the perception of pain but can also produce drowsiness, mental confusion, euphoria, nausea, constipation, and, depending upon the amount of drug taken, can depress respiration. CKF Addition Treatment has programs to help those struggling with opioid use disorder.

Illegal opioid drugs, such as heroin and legally available pain relievers such as oxycodone and hydrocodone can cause serious health effects in those who misuse them. Some people experience a euphoric response to opioid medications, and it is common that people misusing opioids try to intensify their experience by snorting or injecting them. These methods increase their risk for serious medical complications, including overdose. Other users have switched from prescription opiates to heroin as a result of availability and lower price. Because of variable purity and other chemicals and drugs mixed with heroin on the black market, this also increases risk of overdose. Overdoses with opioid pharmaceuticals led to almost 17,000 deaths in 2011. Since 1999, opiate overdose deaths have increased 265% among men and 400% among women.

In 2014, an estimated 1.9 million people had an opioid use disorder related to prescription pain relievers and an estimated 586,000 had an opioid use disorder related to heroin use.

Symptoms of opioid use disorders include strong desire for opioids, inability to control or reduce use, continued use despite interference with major obligations or social functioning, use of larger amounts over time, development of tolerance, spending a great deal of time to obtain and use opioids, and withdrawal symptoms that occur after stopping or reducing use, such as negative mood, nausea or vomiting, muscle aches, diarrhea, fever, and insomnia.

How Do Opioids Affect the Brain and Body?

Opioids reduce the pain-signal perception in the brain. Opioids also affect the parts of the brain that control emotion and this also helps minimize the effects of pain. Opioids have been used throughout human history to treat pain, cough and diarrhea and in the last two decades, opioids have been used more and more to treat chronic pain. Ironically, for some people, using opioids for chronic pain actually increases their pain through the development of a condition called hyperalgesia.

In addition to relieving pain, opioids affect the parts of the brain that are reward centers, causing the “high” many people then begin to seek to abuse.

Types of Opioids Commonly Abused

No one who is abuses opioids sets out to become addicted—however, the increase in opioid prescriptions for conditions ranging from wisdom tooth removal to major surgery and chronic back or knee pain, have caused millions of people to struggle with addition.

In fact, recent studies have found that opioids such as Vicodin, Oxycodone or fentanyl did not work any better for pain than over the counter medicines or non-opioids.

The kinds of opioids most commonly abused include:

  • Codeine: Commonly used to treat cough.
  • Demerol: Used commonly as a pre-operative medication and pain reliever.
  • Heroin: This is the “street drug” most are familiar with. Heroin is made from morphine.
  • Hydrocodone: Used as a pain reliever, this product is stronger than codeine and has been widely abused.
  • Morphine: This powerful drug is found primarily in opium. Morphine is highly addictive and physical and psychological dependency can develop quickly.
  • Methadone: This drug was created as a substitute for morphine in WWII and the effects are similar to morphine or heroin which is why it is used for heroin detoxification.
  • OxyContin: This was developed to treat severe pain associated with cancer treatment or severe injuries. However, it is similar to heroin in its addictiveness.

Need Help?

We Have Treatments Available. Call our Helpline at 785-825-6224.

CKF Addiction Treatment is in its fifty-second year of providing quality, effective and innovative substance use disorder prevention and treatment services.

CKF offers a full continuum of substance use disorder services and co-occurring treatment and psychiatric services.  Our approach to clinical treatment is based on a patient-centered, recovery-oriented systems model that utilizes 12-step, 8 Dimensions of Wellness, and evidence-based cognitive behavioral curriculums.

Our MyStrength smartphone application is an evidence based relapse prevention tool that provides our patients with a recovery support system, including linkages to others in recovery, tailored resources that promote sobriety, and predictive analytics that alerts providers when individuals are at risk of relapse.  This mobile app is available to our patients during and post treatment, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.  If you have questions about MyStrength or would like free access to the app, call 785-825-6224.

The Pathfinder Recovery Center is a community program accessible to any individual, family, or community member who needs information about addiction and recovery, or support throughout the recovery stages.  Staffed by individuals who have experienced recovery first hand, the center offers drop-in services as well as scheduled programs.

CKF Addiction Treatment received grant money to help provide treatment services in those counties in Kansas most affected by opioid addiction. The map below includes the target counties in which the grant funds are being used to:

  1. Reduce the number of persons with Opioid Use Disorder
    • Increase the number of health care settings that implement universal OUD screening protocols.
    • Increase the number of physicians who are waivered to prescribe opioid withdrawal management medications.
    • Increase access and care coordination to evidence-based medication assisted treatment.
  2. Implement efforts to reduce opioid overdose deaths
    • Increase Naloxone utilization by first responders.
    • Educate the communities by providing trainings related to overdose prevention, recognition and response.
opioid grant